Complementary Feeding of Infants and Young Children in Sana'a City, Yemen

 Nabil Ahmed Al-Rabeei1*, Abdulsalam Mohammed Dallak1, Hamama Hamoud Ali2

1Nursing Division, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sana'a University, 2Nursing Division, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Hodeidah University

Introduction:

Breastfeeding (BF) is one of the oldest practices, recommended in the Holy Quran, it is believed that BF was very common as all the populations in Yemen are Muslims and mothers followed the Holy Quran, which instructs them to breastfeed their children for two years1. Complementary feeding/food (CF) is the addition of age-appropriate, adequate and safe solid or semi-solid or semi-liquid food to breast milk or a breast milk substitute to the diet of an infant starting at 6 months and up to 24 months (

solid foods, known as the ‘weaning process' (or CF), is essential to provide for the increasing nutritional requirements during an infant's first year. Weaning is the process of introducing a range of foods gradually whilst BF or infant formula milk feeding is continued and extends over a period of months until the child is able to eat normal family foods3. An appropriate diet is critical in growth and development of children especially in the first two years of life. The WHO recommends exclusive BF for the first 6 months of age, addition of CF at six months with continued BF till two years4. These

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