Allia Shuaib1*, Abdelrahman H Al Harazi2
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sana'a University, 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Thamar University
The Republic of Yemen is located on the Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia. It is bordered to the north by Saudi Arabia, to the south by the Arab Sea and the Gulf of Aden, to the east by the Sultanate of Oman and to the west by the Red Sea. Topographically, Yemen is divided into five regions: (Mountains, Plateaus, Coast, Empty Quarter (Ar-Rub-Alkhali) and Islands), having their own distinctive climate, environment and weather. The Population of Yemen is about 25,956,000 estimates 2005-20141, distributed in 22 governorates in addition to the capital Sana'a, with population growth rate of 3%. Trachoma has been endemic in 11 of the 22 countries in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). Iran, Morocco and Oman
have reported the elimination of Trachoma2.Trachoma is caused by ocular infection with chlamydia trachomatis and this leading to infectious Blindness globally3. Trachoma is endemic in 50 countries in the world, with 325 million people at risk of blindness disease and it is responsible for visual impairment in 1,2 million people and 3% of blindness globally4.However these numbers keep changing due to the effect of socioeconomic development and current control programme for this disease .The trachoma prevalence is high in poor rural communities in developing countries , particularly in sub-Saharan Africa5. The current efforts led by the world health organization (WHO) and the Alliance for Global Elimination of Blinding Trachoma by the year 2020 (Global Elimination of Trachoma (GE T2020) are to eliminate trachoma as a.