Knowledge of Breastfeeding among Mothers in Hodeidah City, Yemen

 Abdulsalam Mohammed Dallak1*, Nabil Ahmed Al-Rabeei1, Intisar H.Jawayed2

1Nursing Department, Faculty of Medicine & Health Science, Sana'a University 2Nursing Department, Faculty of Medicine & Health Science, Hodeidah University

Introduction:

Breastfeeding is the feeding of an infant or young child with breast milk directly from female human breasts rather than from a baby bottle or other container 1. Breastfeeding by the mother to her newborn infant is mandatory in the Holly Quran. ALLAH ordered the mother to breastfeed her child for two full years2. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends breastfeeding with complementary feeding up to 2 years of age or beyond, and it should be on demand, as often as the child wants3. Exclusive breastfeeding means that an

infant receives breast milk from his or her mother, and no other liquids or solids, not even water, with the exception of oral rehydration solution, drops or syrups consisting of vitamins, minerals supplements or medicines4,5. Breast milk is the healthiest form of milk for infants. It has just the right amount of fat, sugar, water, and protein that is needed for a baby's growth and development6,7. Artificial feeding is associated with more deaths from diarrhea in infants in both developing and developed countries8. Reviews of studies from developing countries show that infants who are not breastfed are 6 to

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