Prevalence and associated factors of intestinal parasitic infection in basic school children in Sana'a Yemen

Abdullah Abdulaziz Muharram1*, Yahya Ali Ghanem 2

1Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sana’a University.

2Department of Internal Medicine-Gastroenterology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sana’a University.

Introduction:

Intestinal parasitic infection is the most common endemic infection worldwide and the single worldwide cause of illness1. Intestinal parasitic infection represents major public health problems, mainly in the tropical and subtropical regions2. WHO estimated that 3.5 billion people are affected, and 450 million are ill as a result of these infections, the majority being children3. Intestinal parasitic infections constitute a global health burden causing clinical morbidity in 450 million people4.

Poor environmental hygiene, poverty, and impoverished health services are closely associated with the high prevalence of intestinal helminthic infestations5. Intestinal

parasitic infections are one of the major health problems in several developing countries6. In developing countries, intestinal parasitic infections are common, varying from one country to another, depending on the socioeconomic status, degree of personal and community hygiene, sanitation and climatic factors.

Intestinal helminthic infestations are most common among school age children, and they tend to occur in high intensity in this age group7,8. Intestinal parasitic infection is relatively frequent among Yemeni people especially school age children9. In Yemen, intestinal parasitic infections are common varying from one area to another, depending on the degree of personal, community hygiene, sanitation and

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