Zaid Al-Hamodi1, 2*, Riyadh Saif-Ali1, 2, Ikram S. Ismail3, Sekaran Muniandy1
1Department of Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya
2Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Sana’a, Yemen; 3Department of Medicine, University of Malaya Medical Centre, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
SUJMS • 2021 | Jane | Vol 15| Issue. (1))
Diabetes is the most common endocrine disorder that affects 366 million people worldwide. The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) predicts that the total number of people living with diabetes will increase up to 552 million within twenty years . Diabetes, mostly type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), now affects 5.9% of the world’s adult population with almost 80% of patients coming from developing countries .
The prevalence of T2DM presents a wide spectrum in different ethnic groups. As an example of an estimate by the IDF, show 1.1% of the population in Myanmar to 30% in the Nauru population are susceptible .