Rawiya Hassan Alasbahi
Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Sana’a University, Sana’a, Yemen.
Review of literature:
Yemen has a rich and diverse flora, which is characterized by strong endemism due to the geographical structure and various climates of the country (1). It supplies the Yemeni traditional medicine with a large and various medicinal flora used by the indigenous people in traditional healing of various diseases, and provides us with an excellent source to be explored for new therapeutic agents without the disadvantages of growing resistance and toxicity of the currently available commercial antibiotics. Determination of the antimicrobial activity of traditionally used drugs can also help to provide scientific justification for the use of those drugs, and can pave the way for their involvement in the public
health system to cover the basic health needs especially for people living in remote areas in developing countries.
Euphorbiaceae is one of the most important families in Yemen, characterized by a large number of endemic species (2). Euphorbiaceae species are used in Yemeni traditional medicine for the treatment of various diseases including skin and other infectious diseases (3, 4). The antimicrobial efficacy of many of these species however has not been investigated. Screening the antibacterial activity of different extracts obtained from different parts of 15 Yemeni plants belonging to the family Euphorbiaceae was the purpose of this work. Furthermore, a preliminary phytochemical screening of